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Skin Conditions. Skin Conditions.

Aging

Skin aging is characterised by features such as wrinkling, loss of elasticity, laxity and rough-textured appearance. This is because our skin loses fats in the deeper layer, important structural proteins such as collagen and elastin also start to decline, and it is also associated with loss of skin moisture.1,3

Causes Of Aging4

Skin aging is a complex process consisting of two distinct and independent mechanisms: intrinsic and extrinsic aging.

Intrinsic aging is an inevitable, genetically determined process that occurs naturally and results in thin, dry skin, fine wrinkles, and gradual dermal atrophy. It is affected by the degenerative effects of:

Genetics

Hormonal Shifts

Cellular Metabolism

Genetics

Ethnicity and skin type play a key role in our skin aging primarily on pigmentation.

Hormonal Shifts

There is a gradual decreased production of sex hormones from the midtwenties and the diminution of estrogens and progesterone associated with menopause.

Cellular Metabolism

The epidermal turnover rate is slower and cell cycle is prolonged hence the inability of skin to repair itself.

Extrinsic aging is a result of lifestyle and environmental factors such as:

Sun Exposure

Ozone Pollution

Smoking

Poor nutrition

Sun Exposure

Account for up to 90% of visible skin aging resulting in coarse wrinkles, loss of elasticity, laxity, and rough textured appearance.

Ozone Pollution

One of the most toxic environmental stressors to which the skin is exposed. It induces oxidative stress which also leads to a depletion of skin-saving antioxidants. This encourages a stress response in the skin, bringing disruption to the skin’s normal functioning.

Smoking

Causes skin damage primarily by decreasing capillary blood flow to the skin, which, in turn, creates oxygen and nutrient deprivation in cutaneous tissues. Skin becomes slack, hardened and less elastic. In addition, constriction of the vasculature by nicotine may contribute to wrinkling.

Poor nutrition

Antioxidants are molecules with the ability to neutralise the free radicals that damage skin, speeding up skin aging. A diet lacking in antioxidants will do nothing to help slow down general skin aging.

Products with antioxidants and SPF are essential in protecting against extrinsic aging. Do check out TDF® Vitamin C serum and sun protection ranges.

Skin Anti-aging
Approaches5

Cosmetological Care

Protects skin against dehydration, penetration of various microorganisms, allergens, irritants, reactive oxygen species and radiation.

  • Daily skin care
  • Correct sun protection
  • Aesthetic non-invasive procedures
Topical Pharmacologial Agents

Prevent degradation and/or promotes production of collagen

  • Antioxidants (i.e. vitamins C, B3 & E, polyphenols, flavanoids)
  • Cell regulators (i.e. retinols, peptides, growth factors)
Invasive Procedures

Remove the damaged epidermis and replace the tissue with remodelled skin layers

  • Chemical peels
  • Visible light devices – i.e. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), Lasers, Radio Frequency (RF)
  • Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma
  • Botulinum Toxins and Dermal Fillers
Systemic Agents
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Antioxidants
Avoiding of exogenous factors of aging, correction of life style and habits
  • Smoking
  • Pollution
  • Solar UV irradiation
  • Stress
  • Nutrition, diet restriction and alimentary supplementation
  • Physical activity
  • Control of general health

Tips to reduce
premature skin aging6

  1. Protect your skin from the sun every day.
  2. Apply self-tanner rather than get a tan.
  3. If you smoke, stop.
  4. Avoid repetitive facial expressions.
  5. Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet.
  6. Drink less alcohol.
  7. Exercise most days of the week.
  8. Cleanse your skin gently.
  9. Wash your face twice a day and after sweating heavily.
  10. Apply a facial moisturizer every day.
  11. Stop using skin care products that sting or burn.

Note: Some anti-aging products prescribed by a dermatologist may burn or sting. When using a prescription anti-aging product, this can be okay. Just be sure to let your dermatologist know.

Regardless of the cause of skin aging, it is never too early to start incorporating an anti-aging cream or serum into your skin care routine. Prevention and protection are the two essential steps of the best anti-aging skincare regimen. TDF® Age Defense System, Hyperpigmentation, Antioxidants and Sun Protection range of products will improve the appearance of existing signs of aging, such as fine lines, wrinkles, skin discolouration, dehydration, loss of elasticity, and more.