A common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin are darker than the surrounding skin. It occurs when special cells in the skin make too much of the pigment called melanin. It affects people of all skin types.
There are many types of hyperpigmentation, but the following are the most common:
The overproduction of melanin is triggered by a variety of factors:
Tips to prevent hyperpigmentation, or to stop it from becoming more prominent:
Avoid exposure to the sun.
Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect the skin.
Avoid picking at the inflamed or injured skin (i.e. acne, eczema, scabs).
You can try the following treatments to lighten dark patches of skin and remove hyperpigmentation:
Cosmetic procedures such as laser therapy, intense pulsed light, microdermabrasion and chemical peels. If you are considering undergoing one of these procedures, discuss the process and possible side effects with a dermatologist or skin care specialist.
Combat hyperpigmentation withthat is clinically proven to reduce the intensity of dark spots and pigmented skin by inhibiting the melanin production, exfoliating dead skin cells and protecting the skin from environmental damage caused by free radicals and UV exposure.